West Bengal is the only state of India which literally offers an Ocean to Sky travel experience within her own state territory.
Geography of West Bengal is diverse, consisting of high peaks of Himalaya in the northern extremes to coastal regions down south, with regions such as plateau and Ganges delta intervening in between. Alike the geographical variation the state s population too is a potpourri of different racial strains the predominant element being the proto-Australoid in varying proportions.
West Bengal is the land of Tagore , the base of art and culture.The forests are the haven for one horned rhinos,Royal Bengal tigers and endemic birds. Champagne of Tea –the famous Darjeeling tea is produced here.
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Gorumara National Park, the land of the Prehistoric Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is located in the flood plains of Murti and Jaldhaka rivers of Dooars (rolling hill slopes) region within Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal. The dry deciduous forest land interspersed with grasslands, harbors one of largest diversity of mega fauna in West Bengal. This Reserve Forest since 1895 was declared as a National Park in 1994 for it’s great diversity of plants and animals. Garumara National Park comprising a total area of 79.99 sq.km. is one of the popular wildlife hotspot in West Bengal.
The riverine grassland and Savannah woodland occupy about 20% of the total plant cover of Gorumara National Park, which is the grazing ground of the wild herbivores. The Murti, Jaldhaka, and Indong rivers flow through the Park reflecting the Himalayan ranges in the North.
Vegetation of Garumara National Park consist of Sal forests with Common Teak, Rain Tree (Shirish), Silk Cotton (Shimul) are the important name. Bamboo and Terai grassland vegetation are also dominated this small National Park. Gorumara is also home to numerous tropical orchids.
The park has recorded 50 species of mammals, 193 species of birds, 22 species of reptiles, 7 species of turtles and 27 species of fishes.
This Park is rich in large herbivores including Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Gaur, Asian Elephant, Sloth bear, Chital, and Sambar Deer. Small herbivores include Barking deer, Hog deer and Wild boar, Leopard etc and its rich bio-diversity is reflected in its wonderful avi-faunal species like Scarlet Minivet, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Spangled Drongo, Great Indian Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill and numerous woodpeckers. Peafowls are also very common here. The park is on the flyway of numerous migratory birds.
The park is home to a large number of snakes, venomous and non-venomous, including the Indian Python and King Cobra – the world’s largest venomous snake.
Located beside the Murti river, this place has a lovely forest resort. With the nature’s generosity at it’s best, the small village of Murti, by the side of the rivulet Murti, is a desired winter picnic spot for local residents.
One can find here rare one-horned rhinoceros, the mighty bison, leopard, spotted deer, sambar, hog deer, reptiles, huge wild tuskers, wild boars and the rarest variety of animals and birds including plenty of peacocks. Elephant safaris through the Jaldapara forest in search of wild animals, is a memorable experience. Numerous watch towers here allow you to take a real close look at wildlife. Moreover the scintillating light and sound show at Jaldapara guest house adds a wild thrill to your trip.
Jaldapara Wild Life Sanctuary situated at the foothills of Eastern Himalayas of Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal was constituted in the year of 1943 for the protection of wild life, particularly single horned Rhinos. River Torsha runs through this sanctuary which is mostly covered with tall grasses. Total area of Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary is 141 Sq. Km.
The forest is mainly savannah covered with tall elephant grasses.
The main attraction of the sanctuary is Asiatic one-horned rhinoceros. The sanctuary holds the maximum number of rhinos population in India after Kaziranga National Park. In addition to Rhinoceros Asian elephant, Hog deer, Barking deer, Sambar deer, wild Boar and Gaur are the other attraction of this sanctuary.
Jaldapara is a hotspot for bird watchers. It is one of the very few places in India, where the Bengal Florican is sighted. The other birds to be found here are the Crested Serpent Eagle, Pallas’s Fishing Eagle and shikra, peafowl, patridges and Oriental Pied Hornbill. Python, monitor lizards, kraits, cobras, geckos and about 8 species of fresh water turtles have also found here.
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